Your browser is no longer supported. Please upgrade your browser to improve your experience.

From Tide Gauge to Tide Table

Posted 30 March 2016  |  Valeport Case Studies

Valeport's collaboration with the National Oceanography Center (NOC) has enabled users to get the most up-to-date tide tables by making use of data collected by a Valeport Tide Gauge.

The Process of Harmonic Analysis and Prediction

The installation of a tide gauge is a valuable tool for real-time monitoring of the water level at your location. There is, however, another potential use for it that is often overlooked, and this is why Valeport and the National Oceanography Centre (NOC) have been working together

Many users of tide gauge technology will also at some point make use of traditional style tide tables. However, before these can be calculated, a high-quality time series of water level recordings is needed – exactly what a Valeport tide gauge will give you.

The data can then be processed using a technique called harmonic tidal analysis. This mathematically identifies the amplitude and phase lag of over 100 separate harmonic constituents present in the tidal signal recorded by the gauge.

Once you have the harmonic constituents, unique to each location, you can then apply the process in reverse but for any time period, future or past, to derive predictions of what the tidal level will be. These can then be formatted into the traditional tide table layout most maritime users are familiar with.

The accuracy of the tidal predictions is governed by the quality and duration of the tide gauge record that has been analysed. However, even a period of as little as a month can give a prediction of reasonable accuracy years into the future.

By combining Valeport’s extensive track record in developing high precision pressure and radar tide gauges and the National Oceanography Centre’s
experience in harmonic analysis and prediction, a partnership is created that from a user’s perspective, lets you go from tide gauge to tide table with the assistance of the two leading companies in their respective fields.

How does it work?

If you are interesting is getting the most up-to-date tide tables that makes use of the data collected by your tide gauge, here’s a simple step-by-step guide.

  1. Install the tide gauge and collect the data – we can help advise on the most appropriate equipment, siting and data collection scenarios.
  2. Once the required period of data has been collected, contact the Marine Data Products team at the National Oceanography Centre with as much
    information as is available on your project.
  3. Send the data by e-mail ([email protected]) or CD / USB memory stick including information on the position of the gauge and the datum to which the gauge is levelled (if known).
  4. NOC will assess the data and let you know of any issues. The data will be QC’d, and a complete harmonic analysis carried out.
  5. You will be sent the harmonics and tidal predictions for the following 12 months, either in PDF format as a high/low water, tide table (3 pages per year) or hourly height of tide, table (1 month per page) or as a text file of 15-minute data, whichever you prefer.
  6. If you require any follow up on the analyses as you gather more data, let NOC know upfront as discounted pricing is available on future work.